The topics in the theme area include:
1. Regional Characterization of Soils and Foundation, andGeo-Construction
2. Adobe, Tomb and Earthen Structures, Historical Sites, and Conservation of Cultural Heritage
3. Regional and Traditional Characteristics of Foundation and Structures
4. Mosque, Minaret, Towers, Citadel, Castles, Stone Masonry,and Heritage Structures
5. AncientCaves, Underground Construction, Tunneling, Transportation, and Infrastructures
6. Ancient and Historical Dam, Embankment, and Ancient Highways
7. Soil Dynamics and Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering
8. Ancient, Traditional, and Present Soil Improvements
9. Damages from Salting and Frost including Geoenvironmental Engineering
10.Traditional and Innovative Technologies for Geotechnical Applications